Children are preferred everywhere in the world. Various studies have been done by the research¬ers related to this issue which shows different reasons for demand for having children. Son pref¬erence in the household has a serious impact on the demand for additional children in the family. In developing nations like India demand for son is more than the developed nations. Educational status of the people also has an impact on the demand for children. Educated people prefer few children with good qualities. Women are among the most vulnerable section of the society as they are deprived from basic education and also deprived from the decision making powers. At the same time, decision making power of women play crucial role in case of demand for children. Economic factors also affect this demand. Son preference is deeply rooted in patriarchal cultural and religious beliefs that uphold the essential value of having a son in a family. Sex Ratio in Jammu and Kashmiris 889, which is below national average of940 as per census 2011. In 2001, the sex ratio was 900 per 1000 males. High demand for son and sex selective abortion is the major cause of declining sex ratio in the state. This situation of women and girl child intends us to study this issue to find out the factors responsible for this gender bias. This study may add some new findings in the existing literature which can tell the reasons responsible for these streak inequalities present in the society
Gender, Child, Sex ratio. Society, Census, Jammu & Kashmir
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