In today 's world learning at school requires students to pay attention, to observe, to memorize,
to understand, to set goals and to assume responsibility for their own learning. These cognitive
activities are only possible with active involvement and engagement of the learner. It is challenge
for teachers to create such learning environment that encourage the active involvement of
students. For this teacher has to move form traditional classroom to constructivist classroom.
Constructivism transforms the student from a passive recipient of information to an active
participant in the learning process. Always guided by the teacher, students construct their
knowledge actively rather than just mechanically acquiring knowledge from the teacher or the
textbook. Students become engaged by applying their existing knowledge and real world
experience, learning to hypothesize, testing their theories and ultimately drawing conclusions
from their findings. Here in this paper presenter tried to show the difference between traditional
classroom and constructive classroom and focus on "Constructive Learning Design " which is
based on six elements: Situation, Groupings, Bridge, Questions, Exhibit, and Reflections.
Constructivism, Situation, Groupings, Bridge, Questions, Exhibit, and Reflections.
These arc the students' reflections of what they
thought about while explaining the situation and then
saw the exhibits from others. They would include
what students remember from their thought process
about feelings in their spirit, images in their
imagination, and languages in their internal dialogue.
are asked to actively construct their own knowledge
by making meaning out of the situation by themselves
with support and guidance from the teacher.
Teachers organize the situation and then provide
encouragement and questions to groups of students
who are trying to construct and to display their own
explanations. For example, composition teachers
might ask students to construct the simplest sentences
and compare structures, literature teachers might ask
students to explain the motives of a character, art
teachers might ask students to transform clay with
their hands without looking at it, music teachers might
ask students to identify rhythms in a piece of music
using their own annotations. The constructivist
approach can be adapted to any subject area or
curriculum by involving students as active participants
in making meaning instead of passive recipients of
information given to them by the teacher. This
approach can be incorporated into 45 or 50 minute
class periods to teach a particular concept, skill, or
Constructivism and Holistic Development of
In Constructivist approach children learn more,
and enjoy learning more when they are actively
involved, rather than passive listeners and education
works best when it concentrates on thinking and
understanding. Holistic development of child does
not depend on rote memorization. Constructivism
concentrates on learning how to think and
understand that is why constructivist learning is
considered as transferable. In constructivist
classrooms, students create organizing principles that
they can take with them to other learning settings.
Constructivism gives students ownership of what
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